Akbar Samadi; Amir Hosein Navarchian
Spherical MgO nanoparticles and Flake-like clay minerals modified with polyaniline (PAni) are applied in Matrimid in order to fabricate mixed matrix membranes (MMMs) having improved ...
Spherical MgO nanoparticles and Flake-like clay minerals modified with polyaniline (PAni) are applied in Matrimid in order to fabricate mixed matrix membranes (MMMs) having improved gas separation performance. The CO2 permeability, CO2/CH4 selectivity and CO2-induced plasticization pressure of MMMs are assessed at 4-30 bar feed pressure. The chemical structure, morphology and thermal properties of MMMs are analyzed by Fourier transform infrared equipped with attenuated total reflection (FTIR-ATR), X-ray diffraction, field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and differential scanning calorimetry/thermogravimetric analyses. Crater-like morphology is seen for MMMs by FESEM tests Physical interaction of Matrimid with MgO and PAni, confirmed by FTIR-ATR, helps better distribution of both the fillers in the polymer matrix. Mechanistical analysis of gas sorption and diffusion terms reveals that PAni/clay (PC) enhances gas permeability by controlling diffusivity paths, while MgO nanoparticles improves both gas solubility and diffusivity. The permeability tests reveal that the sample PC5M5 with 5 wt% PC and 5 wt% MgO, has the best gas separation properties. High pressure tests reveal that this sample can enhance plasticization pressure and CO2 permeability as well by 76% and 200%, respectively; resulting in 425% enhancement in MMMs capacity in natural gas sweetening.